How Emergency Egress Signs Help the Building Occupants Exit the Facility During an Emergency
Fire safety measures such as evacuation plans, emergency egress signs and path marking systems are essential to meet fire and building code requirements.
Fire safety markings are used primarily to help people find their way to escape routes during a fire. These markings can also help in finding the emergency equipment and the fire phones. Most relevant codes (fire, building, health or safety) require these to be permanently lit. These are designed to be absolutely unmistakable and understandable to anyone. Most of these signs are in pictogram form, with or without the text supplement.
These are carefully designed to meet the client and the fire code requirements.
Fire escape markings are provided to guide people from wherever they are in a building, via an escape route to a place of safety such as the assembly area. Fire escape signs are not needed on the main route into or out of a building i.e. the one used by people for normal arrival and exit, but alternative escape routes and complicated escape routes do need to be signed. It must not be assumed that everyone will know all the safe routes through the building. Similarly, it must not be assumed that, once outside the building via a final exit, people will know how to get to the assembly area, so signs directing to the assembly area will be needed as well. Fire escape markings are usually green and white which stands for safe condition. They comprise a pictogram, an arrow, and possibly words.
It is advantageous to have photoluminescent stair treads and path marking systems as they provide clear direction to exits under normal lighting or blackout conditions. Directional photoluminescent sign systems offer vital egress information to occupants during an evacuation.
Photoluminescent signs and path markers illuminate (glow-in-the-dark) immediately following a power failure enabling building occupants to evacuate safely down the staircases and through the passageways. All photoluminescent products are manufactured using a non-toxic, non-radioactive phosphor-based compound that absorbs energy from ambient light sources. During a power failure this stored energy is slowly released, illuminating safety signs and path markers allowing for safe evacuation in darkness.
Egress markings should have extra text to ensure that it is understood. Fire exits must be indicated by clearly visible arrows pointing towards them along with the correct text. Signs must be large enough that they can be seen and read with ease.
In today’s world one of the most challenging issues is how to move people in an emergency quickly and safely to a secure refuge. Office buildings often have floor plans on display showing exit paths in red and regular hallways in black.
Safety escapes, tags and warning labels are an essential feature to any business or industry, and comprise one of its largest and most important assets. For workers in a dangerous plant, signs are not just signs, but they are their first line of defense against unsafe conditions. And not using them to provide effective warnings is not just dangerous; it’s bad business. The companies that value the safety of the people must ensure that they are equipped with the safety labels, and emergency path marking systems in order to reduce risk and protect people.