A Luminescent Building Evacuation System: What are its Components?
When a building is built according to code, its egress paths accommodate emergency egress flow. But correct construction isn’t the only aspect of evacuation safety. Buildings also need a system that helps building occupants reach exits during low visibility, especially when a fire is present. Below, we list the ideal components of a luminescent building evacuation system.
Luminescent egress stripes
Luminescent egress stripes do what backup lighting often doesn’t: reveal the dimensions of hallways and vertical exit enclosures when smoke is present, or after a backup generator has failed. The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) recommends placing a luminescent stripe in the center of egress paths, and a horizontal stripe on each of their walls.
The International Fire Code (IFC) requires the following areas and equipment in vertical exit enclosures to be outlined with luminescent stripes: handrails and handrail extensions, the leading edge of steps and landings, the perimeter of landing areas, egress path obstacles, and the doorframe and door hardware of exit-leading doors.
Luminescent direction arrows
Luminescent direction arrows are mounted on the walls of egress paths to guide evacuees. The NFPA requires direction arrows to indicate the continuation of an egress path when its direction is unclear, such as when one hallway ends in another. A critical aspect of a building evacuation system, directional arrows can also be mounted in the center of egress paths.
Luminescent “Not an Exit” signs
The NFPA recommends placing a “Not an Exit” sign on doors that could be mistaken for exit-leading doors. When mounted correctly, the signs help panicked evacuees—especially those not familiar with the layout of a building—proceed until they reach an exit-leading door.
Luminescent emergency exit symbols
Also known as running man signs, emergency exit symbols are often considered the international exit sign. According to the IFC, they should be mounted on exit-leading doors with their bottom edge not more than 18 inches above the finished floor. Their running man symbol tells evacuees how to travel as they pass through a door (left, right, up, or down).
Luminescent floor identification signs
The IFC requires floor identification signs to be placed at every floor landing in vertical exit enclosures. According to the IFC, the signs should contain the following information: identification of the stair or ramp, floor level, total number of floors, availability of roof access, and the level of and direction toward the exit. In addition to helping them reach an exit, floor identification signs help evacuees remain focused by revealing their location in an enclosure.
Luminescent exit signs
Electricity-free, maintenance-free exit signs are more reliable than electrical ones, whose breakable parts could malfunction in the event of explosions or falling debris. Luminescent exit signs offer superior visibility when smoke is present.
GloBrite has the egress products you need
From self luminous exit signs to self luminous emergency symbols, we have the products you need for a luminescent building evacuation system. If you have an evacuation plan, but not the luminescent egress products to help carry it out during low visibility, call us today.